Bai, Chong-en

Mansfield Freeman Chair Professor, Department of Economics
Executive Associate Dean, School of Economics and Management

Curriculum Vitae
 
Phone            (86) (10) 
62796739
Email         baichn@sem.tsinghua.edu.cn
Office            258C Weilun Building
Office Hours   Mon.  15:00-17:00

 


Bai, Chong-En

Professor Chong-En Bai is Mansfield Freeman Chair Professor, Executive Associate Dean of the School of Economics and Management of Tsinghua University. He is also the Director of the National Institute for Fiscal Studies of Tsinghua University. He earned his Ph.D. degrees in Mathematics and Economics from UCSD and Harvard University, respectively. His research areas include Institutional Economics, Economic Growth and Development, Public Economics, Finance, Corporate Governance and Chinese Economy.

Research on the impact of institutional environment on the development of the service sector won the Inaugural Pu Shan-Bank of China best paper award given by China Society of World Economics in 2008. Research on the return to investment won the Sun Yefang Best Economics Paper Award in 2009. Study on the model of national income distribution and its reform was funded by the National Planning Office of Philosophy and Social Sciences Major Grant. Research on the national income distribution won the Zhang Pei-Gang Award for Outstanding Achievements in Development Economics in 2012. Study on the challenges to and the measures for the development of the service sector in China won the second Prize for Excellent Research in Humanities and Social Sciences in the Category of Research Report in Economics, awarded by the Ministry of Education of China. Study on the relation between health insurance and consumption won the second Prize for Excellent Research in Humanities and Social Sciences in the Category of Research Paper, awarded by the Ministry of Education of China.

Professor Bai is a member of the executive committee of International Economic Association, and of the Scientific Council of the Barcelona Graduate School of Economics. He currently serves on the editorial board of a few top economic journals in China. He also served on the editorial board of Journal of Comparative Economics from 2004 to 2006 and of The World Bank Economic Review from 2006 to 2008 as well as from 2011 to 2013.

Professor Bai is a member of the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference, the Monetary Policy Committee of the People’s Bank of China, the “13th Five-Year Plan” National Development Planning Expert Committee, the Chinese Economists 50 Forum, the China Finance 40 Forum, and Chinainfo 100. He served as Adjunct Vice-President of Beijing State-Owned Assets Management Co., Ltd. from August 2011 to December 2012. He was a non-resident Senior Fellow of the Brookings Institution from 2006 to 2007.


 

 

 

Fields of Interest

 

Institutional Economics, Economic Growth and Development, Public Economics, Finance, Corporate Governance and Chinese Economy.

 

Recent Research Grants

 

The University of Hong Kong CRCG grant (principal investigator). “Contract mixing in franchising.” HK$120,000, December, 1999 - November, 2001.

Hong Kong RGC CERG grant HKU7135/00H (principal investigator). “Expropriation and incentives in team production.” HK$413,817, August, 2000 - July, 2002.

Hong Kong RGC CERG grant HKUST6072/01H (co-investigator). “Ownership reform vs. managerial reform: an empirical study of China's state enterprise reform.” HK$674,000, August, 2001 - July, 2003.

The University of Hong Kong Seed Funding for Basic Research (principal investigator). “The System of Incentives for Managers with Multitasks: Theory and Evidence from Chinese State-Owned Enterprises.” HK$114,000. January, 2003 – December, 2004.

Hong Kong RGC CERG grant HKU7210/03H (principal investigator). “Franchising as a nexus of incentive devices for production involving a brand name.” HK$164,000, September, 2003 – August, 2005.

The University of Hong Kong and Fudan University Joint Research Grant (principal investigator). “Understanding Industry Location: Evidence from China.” RMB96,000, May, 2004 – May, 2006.

Grant from the National Development and Reform Commission, the State Council of China (principal investigator). “Policy Research on the Development of the Services Sector.” RMB500,000, 2005.

Grant from the National Development and Reform Commission, the State Council of China (principal investigator). “The Reform of the Local Public Services Sector in Dingzhou City, Hebei Province.” RMB140,000, 2006.

Grant from the 985 program office of Tsinghua University (principal investigator). “The evaluation of the New Rural Cooperative Medical Scheme based on rural household data.” RMB 400,000, 2007.

National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars (principal investigator). The fiscal and taxation management and policy—research on government welfare spending RMB1,400,000, 2007-2010.

Independent Scientific Research Project of Tsinghua University (principal investigator). “China’s Climate Change Policy Design and the Analysis of Its Economic, Environmental, and Social Impacts.” RMB600,000, 2010.

National Planning Office of Philosophy and Social Sciences Major Grant (principal investigator). “A Study of the Model of National Income Distribution and its Reform During the 12th Five Year Planning Period.” RMB700,000, 2010-2013.

Beijing Municipal Bureau of Finance (principal investigator). “Impact of Beijing VAT Scope Expansion Reform on Macro-Economy and Enterprises.” 2011.

 

Edited Volume

 

Technology and the New Economy. (co-edited with Chi-Wa Yuen; forwarded by Robert Lucas Jr. and with contributions by Boyan Jovanovic and Peter Rousseau, Timothy Bresnahan and Franco Malerba, Danny Quah, Jeffrey Sachs and John McArthur, and Michael Woodford), MIT Press, 2002.

 

Publications

 

In English

Do College Entrance Examination Scores Predict Undergraduate GPAs? A Tale of Two Universities. (with Wei Chi and Xiaoye Qian), China Economic Review, 30: 632-647, September 2014.

Measuring Market Concentration in China: the Problem with using Censored Data and its Rectification. (with Jie Mao and Qiong Zhang), China Economic Review, 30: 432–447, September 2014.

Property Taxes and Home Prices: A Tale of Two Cities. (with Qi Li and Min Ouyang), Journal of Econometrics, 180(1): 1-15, May 2014 (lead article of the issue).

Health Insurance and Consumption: Evidence from China's New Cooperative Medical Scheme. (with Binzhen Wu), Journal of Comparative Economics, 42( 2): 450-69, May 2014.

China’s Structural Adjustment from the Income Distribution Perspective. China Finance and Economics Review, 1(1), 2012.

Spatial Spillover and Regional Economic Growth in China. (with Hong Ma and Wenqing Pan), China Economic Review, 23(4): 982-990, 2012.

The Factor Income Distribution in China: 1978-2007. (with Zhenjie Qian), China Economic Review, 21(4): 650-670, 2010.  

Capital or Knowhow: The Role of Foreign Multinationals in Sino-foreign Joint Ventures. (with Jiangyong Lu and Zhigang Tao), China Economic Review, 21(4): 629-638, 2010.  

Infrastructure Development in China: The Cases of Electricity, Highways, and Railways. (with Yingyi Qian), Journal of Comparative Economics 38(1): 34–51, 2010.

Introduction to the Special Issue on the Distribution of National Income in a Transitional Economy. Social Sciences in China, Vol. XXX, No. 4, 126-130, November 2009.

Who Is the Predator, Who the Prey?— An Analysis of Changes in the State of China’s National Income Distribution. (with Zhenjie Qian), Social Sciences in China, Vol. XXX, No. 4, 179-205, November 2009.

Excludable Public Goods: Pricing and Social Welfare Maximization. (with Yi Lu and Zhigang Tao), Economics Letters, 103: 72–74, 2009.

How Does Privatization Work in China? (with Jiangyong Lu and Zhigang Tao), Journal of Comparative Economics, 37 (3): 453–470, 2009.

Bureaucratic integration and regional specialization in China. (with Zhigang Tao and Sarah Tong), China Economic Review, 19(2): 308–319, 2008.

The Return to Capital in China. (with Chang-tai Hsieh and Yingyi Qian), Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, no. 2: 61-101, 2006.

Property Rights Protection and Access to Bank Loans: Evidence from Private Enterprises in China. (with Jiangyong Lu and Zhigang Tao), Economics of Transition, 14(4): 611–628, 2006.

The Multitask Theory of State Enterprise Reform: Empirical Evidence from China. (with Jiangyong Lu and Zhigang Tao), American Economic Review, 96(2): 353-357, May 2006.

How China’s Investment Climate Affects Performance of FIEs. (with Jiangyong Lu and Zhigang Tao), China Economist, the inaugurating issue, No. 1, March 2006.

An Empirical Study on Corporate Governance and Market Valuation in China. (with Qiao Liu, Joe Lu, Frank M. Song, and Junxi Zhang), Frontiers of Economics in China, the inaugurating issue, 1(1): 83-111, January 2006.

Incentives for CEOs with Multitasks:  Evidence from Chinese State-owned Enterprises. (with Colin Xu), Journal of Comparative Economics, 33(3): 517-539, September 2005.

Corporate Governance and Market Valuation in China. (Leading article, with Qiao Liu, Joe Lu, Frank M. Song, and Junxi Zhang), Journal of Comparative Economics, 32(4): 599-616, December 2004. (A shortened version appears in the World Bank Newsletter about Reforming Economies “Beyond Transition”, Vol. 15, No. 1, pp: 8-9, October-December, 2004, and in the Russian Transition Newsletter, pp: 1, 4-7, October-December, 2004)

Revenue Sharing and Control Rights in Team Production: Theories and Evidence from Joint Ventures. (with Zhigang Tao and Changqi Wu), Rand Journal of Economics, 35(2): 277-305, Summer 2004.

Local Protectionism and Regional Specialization: Evidence from China's Industries. (with Yingjuan Du, Zhigang Tao, and Sarah Tong), Journal of International Economics, 63(2): 397-417, July 2004.

Uncertainty in Labor Productivity and Specific Human Capital Investment. (with Yijiang Wang), Journal of Labor Economics, 21(3): 651-675, July 2003.

Financial Repression and Optimal Taxation. (with David Li, Yingyi Qian, and Yijiang Wang), Economics Letters, 70(2): 245-251, February 2001.

A Multi-Task Theory of the State Enterprise Reform. (with David Li, Zhigang Tao, and Yijiang Wang), Journal of Comparative Economics, 28(4): 716-738, December 2000.

Capital Structure and Product Market Strategy. (with Shan Li), Annals of Economics and Finance, 1(2): 383-402, November 2000.

Contract Mixing in Franchising as a Mechanism for Public Good Provision. (with Zhigang Tao), Journal of Economics and Management Strategy, 9(1): 85-113, Spring 2000.

The Myth of the East Asian Miracle: The Macroeconomic Implications of Soft Budgets. (with Yijiang Wang), American Economic Review, 89(2): 432-37, May 1999.

Efficiency Losses from Tax Distortions vs. Government Control. (with Roger H. Gordon and David Li), European Economic Review, 43(4-6): 1095-1103, April 1999. 

Bureaucratic Control and the Soft Budget Constraint. (with Yijiang Wang), Journal of Comparative Economics, 26(1): 41-61, March 1998.

The Soft Budget Constraint and Transition Economies: Introduction. Journal of Comparative Economics, 26(1): 9-10, March 1998.

Earnings Profile and Monitoring under Asymmetric Information. Economics Letters 57(2): 219-225, December 1997. 

Enterprise Productivity and Efficiency: When Is Up Really Down?  (with David Li and Yijiang Wang), Journal of Comparative Economics 24(3): 265-280, June 1997. 

Hyperaccuracy of Bootstrap Based Prediction, (with Peter Bickel and Richard Olshen), in Probability in Banach Spaces 7, Progress in Probability, Birkhauser, 1990.

Discussion of "Theoretical Comparison of Bootstrap Confidence Intervals,” by Peter Hall, (with Richard Olshen), Annals of Statistics, 16, 1988.

 

In Chinese (the number of published articles in the most prominent academic journals in China):

Economic Research Journal: 12

Social Sciences in China: 3

China Journal of Economics: 1

China Economic Quarterly: 3

The Journal of World Economy: 4

 

Book Chapters

 

Thriving on a Tilted Playing Field: China’s Non-State Enterprises in the Reform Era, pp. 97-121 in Nicolas Hope, Dennis Tao Yang, and Mu Yang Li eds, “How Far Across the River? Chinese Policy Reform at the Millennium,” Stanford University Press, 2003.

 

Comment on “The Institutional Determinants of State Capabilities in Latin America,” by Ernesto Stein and Mariano Tommasi; “Lowering the Cost of Capital in Emerging Market Economies,” by Erik Berglof, Patrick Bolton, Sergei Guriev, and Ekaterina Zhuravskaya; and “Privatization: What Have We Learned?” by Sergei Guriev and William Megginson, pp. 303-308 in Francois Bourguignon and Boris Pleskovic eds, “Beyong Tranisiton”, Annual World Bank Conference on Development Economics, 2007.

 

Seminar Presentations

 

Harvard University/MIT (joint), Stanford University Business School, University of California at Berkeley, University of California at Davis, University of Wisconsin at Madison, Boston University, University of Pittsburgh, USC, London School of Economics, Queen's University, Stockholm School of Economics, University of Hong Kong, the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Chinese University of Hong Kong, City University of Hong Kong, Beijing University and other universitiesas well as at the Brookings Institution.

 

Organized Conference

 

·   2015 Tsinghua - CAEPR Conference on Monetary and Fiscal Policy, May 22-23, 2015.

·   The UC San Diego–Tsinghua University conference on “China’s Political Economy: Theory and Evidence”, 2014-2016.  

·   The 1st to 3rd Tsinghua Conference on Theoretical and Behavioral Economics, 2013-2015.

·   The 1st to 3rd Tsinghua Conference on Theoretical and Behavioral Economics, 2013-2015.

·   The 1st to 4th Monetary Policy in a Global Setting: China and the United States Macroeconomics Policies and Business Cycles, 2012-2015. 

·  The 1st and 2nd International Conference on Public Finance Issues in China, June 2011 and July 2012, respectively, Tsinghua University.

·  The 16th World Congress of International Economic Association, July 2011, Tsinghua University. 

·  The Annual Tsinghua Workshop in Macroeconomics, 2009-2016, Tsinghua University.

·   The Annual Columbia—Tsinghua Workshop in International Economics, 2009-2014, Tsinghua University.

·  The Annual Tsinghua Workshop in Econometrics, 2009-2016, Tsinghua University.

·  The 7th China Summer Economics Institute, 2014, Tsinghua University

·  The 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th China Summer Economics Institute, July 2008 in the city of Dalian, July 2009 to July 2011, consecutively, Tsinghua University.

·  The 2005 and 2009 Beijing Industrial Organization and Management Strategy International Conference IOMS, June 2009, Tsinghua University.

·  Far Eastern Meeting of the Econometric Society, July 2006, Tsinghua University.

· China Economy Development International Conference, November 2005, Tsinghua University.

· China’s Economic Geography and Regional Development International Conference, December 2003, University of Hong Kong.

 

Conference Presentations

 

No further updates after the year 2006

 

2006 World Bank ABCDE (annual bank conference on development economics). “Property Rights Protection and Access to Bank Loans: Evidence from Private Enterprises in China.” (with Jiangyong Lu and Zhigang Tao).

2006 GDN Annual Conference in St. Petersburg. “Divergent Interests between Central and Local Governments: Testing Theories of Public Ownership.” (with Jiangyong Lu and Zhigang Tao).

European Economic Association 20th Annual Congress, Invited Speaker, “The Soft Budget Constraint and China’s Financial Regulations” in the session “China”, August, 2005.

AEA (2006, 2003, 2001, 2000, 1999, 1998, 1997), Econometric Society (world congress 2000, winter 2000, summer 1999, summer 1997, winter 1997, winter 1996), CEPR Conference on the Economics of Transition (2004, 2001, 1999, 1998, 1997), American Law and Economics Association (1999), American Comparative Economics Society (1997), the Eleventh International Economic Association Congress (1995), Chinese Economists Society (annually), NBER Conference on China’s Economic Reforms and Development (2000), Taipei International Conference on Industrial Economics (2000).

 

Referee Services

 

Referee for the Journal of Political Economy, the Quarterly Journal of Economics, the Rand Journal of Economics, Review of Economic Studies, Journal of International Economics, European Economic Review, the Journal of Economics and Management Strategy, Journal of Comparative Economics, Journal of Public Economics, Economics of Transition, Economics Letters, Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics, International Journal of Industrial Organization, China Economic Review. 

Fields of Interest

 

Economics of Organization and Incentives, Growth and Development, Public Economics, Corporate Finance and Governance, Chinese Economy

 

Recent Research Grants

 

Hong Kong RGC CERG grant HKU7135/00H (principal investigator). “Expropriation and incentives in team production.” HK$413,817, August, 2000 - July, 2002.

The University of Hong Kong CRCG grant (principal investigator). “Contract mixing in franchising.” HK$120,000, December, 1999 - November, 2001.

Hong Kong RGC CERG grant HKUST6072/01H (co-investigator). “Ownership reform vs. managerial reform: an empirical study of China's state enterprise reform.” HK$674,000, August, 2001 - July, 2003.

The University of Hong Kong Seed Funding for Basic Research (principal investigator). “The System of Incentives for Managers with Multitasks: Theory and Evidence from Chinese State-Owned Enterprises.” HK$114,000. January, 2003 – December, 2004.

Hong Kong RGC CERG grant HKU7210/03H (principal investigator). “Franchising as a nexus of incentive devices for production involving a brand name.” HK$164,000, September, 2003 – August, 2005.

The University of Hong Kong and Fudan University Joint Research Grant (principal investigator). “Understanding Industry Location: Evidence from China.” RMB96,000, May, 2004 – May, 2006.

Grant from the National Development and Reform Commission, the State Council of China (principal investigator). “Policy Research on the Development of the Services Sector.” RMB500,000, 2005.

Grant from the National Development and Reform Commission, the State Council of China (principal investigator). “The Reform of the Local Public Services Sector in Dingzhou City, Hebei Province.” RMB140,000, 2006.

Grant from the 985 program office of Tsinghua University (principal investigator). “The evaluation of the New Rural Cooperative Medical Scheme based on rural household data.” RMB 400,000, 2007.

National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars (principal investigator). The fiscal and taxation management and policy—research on government welfare spending RMB1,400,000, 2007-2010.

Independent Scientific Research Project of Tsinghua University (principal investigator). “China’s Climate Change Policy Design and the Analysis of Its Economic, Environmental, and Social Impacts.” RMB600,000, 2010.

Beijing Municipal Bureau of Finance (principal investigator). “Impact of Beijing VAT Scope Expansion Reform on Macro-Economy and Enterprises.” 2011.

National Planning Office of Philosophy and Social Sciences Major Grant (principal investigator). “A Study of the Model of National Income Distribution and its Reform During the 12th Five Year Planning Period.” RMB700,000, 2010-2013.