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Faculty

CV
BAI Chong-En

Department of Economics    Mansfield Freeman Chair Professor

Dean, School of Economics and Management, Tsinghua University

Phone:(86)(10)62773737

E-mail: baichn@sem.tsinghua.edu.cn

Office: 258C Weilun Building

Office Hours:By Appointment

Educational Background

Harvard University, 1988 – 1992, Ph.D. in Economics (degree conferred in 1993), Shaw Fellowship Recipient

Stanford University, 1987 – 1988, Visiting Student in the Department of Statistics

University of California, San Diego, 1985 – 1988, Ph.D. in Mathematics (with emphasis in Statistics)

Institute of Mathematics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 1983 – 1985, Master Program in Mathematics (degree not completed)

University of Science and Technology of China, 1979 – 1983, Bachelor in Mathematics


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Work Experience

Dean, School of Economics and Management, Tsinghua University, 2018 to present

Director, Institute for State-Owned Enterprises, Tsinghua University, 2019 to present

Executive Associate Dean, School of Economics and Management, Tsinghua University, 2016 - 2018

Associate Dean, School of Economics and Management, Tsinghua University, 2009 - 2016

Director, National Institute for Fiscal Studies, Tsinghua University, 2008 to present

Department Chair, Department of Economics, School of Economics and Management, Tsinghua University, 2005 - 2016

Mansfield Freeman Chair Professor of Economics, Department of Economics, School of Economics and Management, Tsinghua University, 2004 to present

Special-term Professor, School of Economics and Management, Tsinghua University, 2002 – 2004

Associate Professor, School of Economics and Finance, Faculty of Business and Economics, the University of Hong Kong, 1999 – 2004

Assistant Professor, Boston College, 1992 – 1999

Visiting Professor, Stanford University, 2013-2014


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Courses

China's Economy and Finance (EMBA)

McKinsey Course: Global Leadership (MBA)

Premier Zhu Rongji Economic Management Theory and Practice (postgraduate)


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Research Areas

Institutional Economics

Economic Growth and Development

Public Economics

Finance

Corporate Governance 

Chinese Economy


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Publications

Book

A Research on China’s Economic Growth Potential. (co-authored with Qiong Zhang), Routledge, 2017.


Edited Volume

Technology and the New Economy. (co-edited with Chi-Wa Yuen; forwarded by Robert Lucas Jr. and with contributions by Boyan Jovanovic and Peter Rousseau, Timothy Bresnahan and Franco Malerba, Danny Quah, Jeffrey Sachs and John McArthur, and Michael Woodford), MIT Press, 2002.


Publications

In English

Boosting Pension Enrollment and Household Consumption by Example: A Field Experiment on Information Provision. (with Wei Chi, Tracy Xiao Liu, Chao Tang and Jian Xu), Journal of Development Economics, Volume 150, May 2021.


Earnings Inequality and China's Preferential Lending Policy. (with Qing Liu and Wen Yao), Journal of Development Economics, Volume 145, June 2020.


Special Deals with Chinese Characteristics. (with Chang-Tai Hsieh and Zheng Song), NBER Macroeconomics Annual, 34(2019): 341-379, 2020.  


The Long Shadow of China’s Fiscal Expansion. (with Chang-tai Hsieh, Michael Zheng Song), Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, pp.129-165, Fall 2016.


Do College Entrance Examination Scores Predict Undergraduate GPAs? A Tale of Two Universities. (with Wei Chi and Xiaoye Qian), China Economic Review, 30: 632-647, September 2014.


Measuring Market Concentration in China: the Problem with using Censored Data and its Rectification. (with Jie Mao and Qiong Zhang), China Economic Review, 30: 432–447, September 2014.


Income inequality and mobility of rural households in China from 2003 to 2006. (with Wenkai Sun and Xianghong Wang), China Agricultural Economic Review, 6(1), pp 73-91,2014.


Property Taxes and Home Prices: A Tale of Two Cities. (with Qi Li and Min Ouyang), Journal of Econometrics, 180(1): 1-15, May 2014 (lead article of the issue).


Health Insurance and Consumption: Evidence from China's New Cooperative Medical Scheme. (with Binzhen Wu), Journal of Comparative Economics, 42( 2): 450-69, May 2014.


China’s Structural Adjustment from the Income Distribution Perspective. China Finance and Economics Review, 1(1), 2012.


Spatial Spillover and Regional Economic Growth in China. (with Hong Ma and Wenqing Pan), China Economic Review, 23(4): 982-990, 2012.


The Factor Income Distribution in China: 1978-2007. (with Zhenjie Qian), China Economic Review, 21(4): 650-670, 2010.  


Capital or Knowhow: The Role of Foreign Multinationals in Sino-foreign Joint Ventures. (with Jiangyong Lu and Zhigang Tao), China Economic Review, 21(4): 629-638, 2010.  


Infrastructure Development in China: The Cases of Electricity, Highways, and Railways. (with Yingyi Qian), Journal of Comparative Economics, 38(1): 34–51, 2010.


Introduction to the Special Issue on the Distribution of National Income in a Transitional Economy. Social Sciences in China, Vol. XXX, No. 4, 126-130, November 2009.


Who Is the Predator, Who the Prey?— An Analysis of Changes in the State of China’s National Income Distribution. (with Zhenjie Qian), Social Sciences in China, Vol. XXX, No. 4, 179-205, November 2009.


Excludable Public Goods: Pricing and Social Welfare Maximization. (with Yi Lu and Zhigang Tao), Economics Letters, 103: 72–74, 2009.


How Does Privatization Work in China? (with Jiangyong Lu and Zhigang Tao), Journal of Comparative Economics, 37 (3): 453–470, 2009.


Bureaucratic integration and regional specialization in China. (with Zhigang Tao and Sarah Tong), China Economic Review, 19(2): 308–319, 2008.


The Return to Capital in China. (with Chang-tai Hsieh and Yingyi Qian), Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, no. 2: 61-101, 2006.


Property Rights Protection and Access to Bank Loans: Evidence from Private Enterprises in China. (with Jiangyong Lu and Zhigang Tao), Economics of Transition, 14(4): 611–628, 2006.


The Multitask Theory of State Enterprise Reform: Empirical Evidence from China. (with Jiangyong Lu and Zhigang Tao), American Economic Review, 96(2): 353-357, May 2006.


How China’s Investment Climate Affects Performance of FIEs. (with Jiangyong Lu and Zhigang Tao), China Economist, the inaugurating issue, No. 1, March 2006.


An Empirical Study on Corporate Governance and Market Valuation in China. (with Qiao Liu, Joe Lu, Frank M. Song, and Junxi Zhang), Frontiers of Economics in China, the inaugurating issue, 1(1): 83-111, January 2006.


Incentives for CEOs with Multitasks:  Evidence from Chinese State-owned Enterprises. (with Colin Xu), Journal of Comparative Economics, 33(3): 517-539, September 2005.


Corporate Governance and Market Valuation in China. (Leading article, with Qiao Liu, Joe Lu, Frank M. Song, and Junxi Zhang), Journal of Comparative Economics, 32(4): 599-616, December 2004. (A shortened version appears in the World Bank Newsletter about Reforming Economies “Beyond Transition”, Vol. 15, No. 1, pp: 8-9, October-December, 2004, and in the Russian Transition Newsletter, pp: 1, 4-7, October-December, 2004)


Revenue Sharing and Control Rights in Team Production: Theories and Evidence from Joint Ventures. (with Zhigang Tao and Changqi Wu), Rand Journal of Economics, 35(2): 277-305, Summer 2004.


Local Protectionism and Regional Specialization: Evidence from China's Industries. (with Yingjuan Du, Zhigang Tao, and Sarah Tong), Journal of International Economics, 63(2): 397-417, July 2004.


Uncertainty in Labor Productivity and Specific Human Capital Investment. (with Yijiang Wang), Journal of Labor Economics, 21(3): 651-675, July 2003.


Financial Repression and Optimal Taxation. (with David Li, Yingyi Qian, and Yijiang Wang), Economics Letters, 70(2): 245-251, February 2001.


A Multi-Task Theory of the State Enterprise Reform. (with David Li, Zhigang Tao, and Yijiang Wang), Journal of Comparative Economics, 28(4): 716-738, December 2000.


Capital Structure and Product Market Strategy. (with Shan Li), Annals of Economics and Finance, 1(2): 383-402, November 2000.


Contract Mixing in Franchising as a Mechanism for Public Good Provision. (with Zhigang Tao), Journal of Economics and Management Strategy, 9(1): 85-113, Spring 2000.


The Myth of the East Asian Miracle: The Macroeconomic Implications of Soft Budgets. (with Yijiang Wang), American Economic Review, 89(2): 432-37, May 1999.


Efficiency Losses from Tax Distortions vs. Government Control. (with Roger H. Gordon and David Li), European Economic Review, 43(4-6): 1095-1103, April 1999.


Bureaucratic Control and the Soft Budget Constraint. (with Yijiang Wang), Journal of Comparative Economics, 26(1): 41-61, March 1998.


The Soft Budget Constraint and Transition Economies: Introduction. Journal of Comparative Economics, 26(1): 9-10, March 1998.


Earnings Profile and Monitoring under Asymmetric Information. Economics Letters 57(2): 219-225, December 1997.


Enterprise Productivity and Efficiency: When Is Up Really Down?  (with David Li and Yijiang Wang), Journal of Comparative Economics 24(3): 265-280, June 1997.


Hyperaccuracy of Bootstrap Based Prediction, (with Peter Bickel and Richard Olshen), in Probability in Banach Spaces 7, Progress in Probability, Birkhauser, 1990.


Discussion of "Theoretical Comparison of Bootstrap Confidence Intervals,” by Peter Hall, (with Richard Olshen), Annals of Statistics, 16, 1988.


In Chinese (the number of published articles in the most prominent academic journals in China)

Economic Research Journal: 12

Social Sciences in China: 3

China Journal of Economics: 2

China Economic Quarterly: 3

The Journal of World Economy: 5


Book Chapters

Thriving on a Tilted Playing Field: China’s Non-State Enterprises in the Reform Era, pp. 97-121 in Nicolas Hope, Dennis Tao Yang, and Mu Yang Li eds, “How Far Across the River? Chinese Policy Reform at the Millennium,” Stanford University Press, 2003.


Comment on “The Institutional Determinants of State Capabilities in Latin America,” by Ernesto Stein and Mariano Tommasi; “Lowering the Cost of Capital in Emerging Market Economies,” by Erik Berglof, Patrick Bolton, Sergei Guriev, and Ekaterina Zhuravskaya; and “Privatization: What Have We Learned?” by Sergei Guriev and William Megginson, pp. 303-308 in Francois Bourguignon and Boris Pleskovic eds, “Beyong Tranisiton”, Annual World Bank Conference on Development Economics, 2007.


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Industry Experience

Academic Societies

Member of the Executive Committee, International Economic Association, 2014 –


Editorial Board Member

 Economic Research Journal, 2012-

The World Bank Economic Review, 2006 – 2008, 2011 – 2013

Finance Research, 2009 –

Finance Review, 2009 –

China Finance Review International, 2008 –

Frontiers of Economics in China, 2006 -

Journal of Comparative Economics, 2004 – 2006

China Economic Review, 2001 -

Annals of Economics and Finance, 2000 –


Academic Advisory Board Member

Member of the Scientific Council of the Barcelona Graduate School of Economics,2013-

World Economic Papers, 2008-

Nankai Economic Review, 2006 –

China Journal of Finance, 2003 -

China Economic Quarterly, 2001 –

Guest editor for the Symposium on the Soft Budget Constraint in the Journal of Comparative Economics.


Public Services

2021-, Deputy Secretary-General of China Finance Society

2021-, Chairman of Academic Committee of China Wealth Management 50 Forum

2020-, Member of the Eighth Disciplinary Review Group of the Degree Committee of the State Council

2019-, Member of the “14th Five-Year Plan” National Development Planning Expert Committee

2019-, Vice-Chairman of Steering Committee of National Graduate Education of Business Administration

2018-, Member of the Asian Development Bank Institute Advisory Council

2018-, Vice-Chairman of Steering Committee of Professional Teaching in Economics

2018-, Distinguished Expert for Government Decision Making of Shandong Province

2015-2018, Member of the Monetary Policy Committee of China

2015-, Member of the Advisory Board for Government Decision Making of Guangdong Province

2014-2020, Member of the Seventh Disciplinary Review Group of the Degree Committee of the State Council

2014-2019, Member of the “13th Five-Year Plan” National Development Planning Expert Committee

2014-2018, Chairman of China Economics Foundation

2013-, Member of Chinainfo100

2013-, Member of the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC)

2013-, Member of the Central Standing Committee of China National Democratic Construction Association; Chairman of the Economics Commission of the Central Committee

2012-2013, Member of Independent Panel for the Doing Business Review Appointed by the President of the World Bank

2011-, Member of the China Finance 40 Forum

2011-2015, Member of State Council Advisory Board on Health Sector Reform

2009-, Member of China Economics Forum of 50 Economists


Other

2021-, Independent Director of China Investment Co., Ltd

2020-, independent Director of China Shenhua Energy Co.

2011-2012, Vice-President (temporary position), Beijing State-Owned Assets Management Co., Ltd.

2006-2007, Nonresident Senior Fellow, the Brookings Institution


Consulting

【No Further Updates As Of 2016】

For the Department of Commerce of Guangdong Province, Team Leader, “The Independent Evaluation of Free-Trade Areas in Guangdong Province”, 2015-2016.

For the National Development and Reform Commission, Team Leader, “Study on the Peak of Carbon Emission in Guangdong Province”, 2015.7-2016.12.

For China Finance 40 Forum, Team Leader, “Study on China’s Economic Growth Potential”, 2015.1 - 2016.5.

“Study on Relation between Income Expectation from Pension and Consumption Based on Field Experiments”, Team Leader, 2014.1-2015.12.

“Analysis on the Investigation of Consumption Behaviors of Urban and Rural Households”, Team Leader, 2014.1-2015.12.

For China Finance 40 Forum, First Author, “Design of the Social Security System Reform” under “Package for Deepening the Economic Structure Reform in the Key Areas”, 2013.3 - 2014.1.

For China Finance 40 Forum, Second Author, “Design of the Fiscal Structure Reform” under “Package for Deepening the Economic Structure Reform in the Key Areas”, 2013.3 - 2014.1.

“Analysis on the Mechanism and Implication of the Impact of Price Factor on Tax Revenue”, Team Leader, 2013.7-2013.12.

For the World Bank, Appointed by the World Bank President, One of the 10 Panelists, “Independent Panel for the Doing Business Review”, 2012-2013.

For the Asian Development Bank, Team Leader, the Technical Assistance Project of the Asian Development Bank for the Minister of Finance. “Fiscal Policy Support for the Health Sector Reforms”. USD 400, 000, 2010-2012.

For the World Bank, “Economic Geography and the Regional Factors behind the Performance of Chinese Firms”, 2007

For the World Bank, “The domestic financial system and capital flows:China” in “Research Project on Rise of China and India”, 2006

For the World Bank on corruption, 2003

For the Hong Kong Airport Authority on market-based allocation of airport takeoff/landing slots, 2001

For the World Bank on the regulation of the utility industries, 1999


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Honors

Guo Mo-ruo Prize: awarded to the top graduate of each department in University of Science and Technology of China

Harvard Grant, Harvard University

Shaw Fellowship, Harvard University

National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars, the National Natural Science Foundation of China (2006)

The Inaugural Pu Shan-Bank of China best paper award given by China Society of World Economics (2008)

The 13th Sun Yefang Best Economics Paper Award (2008)

Most Cited Article by Chinese Mainland Authors, 2004-2008, Elsevier Economics Journals

China's Highly Cited Researchers, 2014-2021, Elsevier

Excellent Teacher Award of Beijing (2009)

Second Prize for Excellent Research in Humanities and Social Sciences in the Category of Research Report in Economics, awarded by the Ministry of Education of China (2009)

Supervised a Doctoral Dissertation That Won the 4th Mundell-Huang Prize (2009)

The Zhang Pei-Gang Award for Outstanding Achievements in Development Economics (2012)

Tencent' s Most Closely Watched Economist in China (Tencent is the largest internet service portal in China) (2012)

Outstanding Professor of Beijing Award (2013)

National Outstanding Professor Award (2016)

The 17th Sun Yefang Best Economics Paper Award (2016)

The 3rd Jing Hua Award of Beijing (Outstanding contribution to Beijing's development) (2018)

New Centennial Highest Teaching Achievement Award of Tsinghua University (1 of the only 8 winners) (2019)

The Most Influential Economist among the Most Influential People in 2019 (The Most Influential People has only 1 winner in each field) (2019)

The 2020 Bao Gang Outstanding Professor Award


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Other Information

Recent Research Grants

【No Further Updates As Of 2019】

The University of Hong Kong CRCG grant (principal investigator). “Contract mixing in franchising.” HK$120,000, December, 1999 - November, 2001.


Hong Kong RGC CERG grant HKU7135/00H (principal investigator). “Expropriation and incentives in team production.” HK$413,817, August, 2000 - July, 2002.


Hong Kong RGC CERG grant HKUST6072/01H (co-investigator). “Ownership reform vs. managerial reform: an empirical study of China 's state enterprise reform.” HK$674,000, August, 2001 - July, 2003.


The University of Hong Kong Seed Funding for Basic Research (principal investigator). “The System of Incentives for Managers with Multitasks: Theory and Evidence from Chinese State-Owned Enterprises.” HK$114,000. January, 2003 – December, 2004.


Hong Kong RGC CERG grant HKU7210/03H (principal investigator). “Franchising as a nexus of incentive devices for production involving a brand name.” HK$164,000, September, 2003 – August, 2005.


The University of Hong Kong and Fudan University Joint Research Grant (principal investigator). “Understanding Industry Location: Evidence from China .” RMB96,000, May, 2004 – May, 2006.


Grant from the National Development and Reform Commission, the State Council of China (principal investigator). “Policy Research on the Development of the Services Sector.” RMB500,000, 2005.


Grant from the National Development and Reform Commission, the State Council of China (principal investigator). “The Reform of the Local Public Services Sector in Dingzhou City, Hebei Province.” RMB140,000, 2006.


Grant from the 985 program office of Tsinghua University (principal investigator). “The evaluation of the New Rural Cooperative Medical Scheme based on rural household data.” RMB 400,000, 2007.


National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars (principal investigator). “The fiscal and taxation management and policy—research on government welfare spending” RMB1,400,000, 2007-2010.


Independent Scientific Research Project of Tsinghua University (principal investigator). “China’s Climate Change Policy Design and the Analysis of Its Economic, Environmental, and Social Impacts.” RMB600,000, 2010.


National Planning Office of Philosophy and Social Sciences Major Grant (principal investigator). “A Study of the Model of National Income Distribution and its Reform During the 12th Five Year Planning Period.” RMB700,000, 2010-2013.


NSFC-ESRC Project (principal investigator). “ China’s International Financial Integration – Impact on Financial Development and Stability.” RMB2,000,000, 2017-2019.


Beijing Municipal Bureau of Finance (principal investigator). “Impact of Beijing VAT Scope Expansion Reform on Macro-Economy and Enterprises.” 2011.


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